General Information - Landscape Rock
There are many good reasons for using decorative rock:
Decorative look accents grass, trees, walls, etc.
Low maintenance after installation
Economy (especially when used in problem soil areas)
Ease and speed of installation, with minimal preparation
Multiple use (areas covered with decorative rock my be driven on
or parked on.
No water use, perfect for arid climate, or water restricted areas.
There are many sizes and colors of rock to choose from for walkways,
borders, and driveways. To customize your landscape, see our display
areas to find the product best suited for you.
Material quantity can be determined by computing the square footage
of the area being landscaped. Measure the length of the area and
multiply by the width of the area to get your square footage. Need
help? Bring a diagram of your area with measurement to our sales
Length x Width = Square Footage
1 ton of 3/8", ¾", or 1 ½" rock will
120 sq. ft 2" deep
80 sq. ft 3" deep
60 sq. ft 4" deep
40 sq. ft 6" deep
To estimate your rock at a 3" depth:
Square Footage divided by 80 = tons
Underlayment (weed barrier)
Miscellaneous hand tools
Designate the area to be covered, and clean off any existing debris
and weeds. Then calculate the square footage and tonnage needed for
your project. For walkways or high-traffic areas, breeze, road base,
or a ¾"
rock is recommended. Where foot traffic is not expected on slopes,
borders, or around foundations, a 1 ½" rock is most popular.
When steep slopes are encountered, we recommend a 2" - 4"" or
5"- 12" "rip rap" for the best results.
Select your underlayment. Plastic has long been a popular and cost
efficient weed control and water - repellent material. At least a
6 mil thick plastic is recommended to control weeds and maximize
drainage near foundations, as water will run over this material.
It is important to keep drainage away from foundations. Landscape
Fabric has several advantages. Fabric will allow water to penetrate,
while still controlling weed growth. This allows you to install material
close to plant material. Fabric will also outlast plastic by not
breaking down due to extreme temperatures or ultraviolet rays.
When your edging has been installed and your materials have been
selected, you are ready to begin the installation. It is important
to be generous with your underlayment, as you only get one chance
to install it. Overlap your underlayment 4" at the joints and
3" at your edges and foundations. This will allow you proper
coverage when you install your rock. Always overlap so that any drainage
flows over your joints rather than under.
Begin your installation at the bottom or low end of the area for
two reasons: First, this will act as a building block or foundation
to work from, and second, should allow you to walk over already installed
rock, rather than your underlayment.
When your rock is placed, smooth out the highs and lows with a rake
or shovel for a uniform appearance. All landscape rock will have
a certain percentage of fines (dirt) when delivered. Finally, you
must wash your rock down with a garden hose to clean off any fines
and enhance its natural color.
Information thanks: PioneerSand